Vitamin K: Benefits, Daily Allowance, Sources & Supplement

Vitamin K: Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin which unlike many other vitamins not typically used as a dietary supplement. It is a group of components which includes vegetable obtained K1 and animals source obtained K2. It is also known as phylloquinone.Vitamin k

Sources of vitamin K

  • Kale, spinach, swiss, chard, mustard, turnip, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, asparagus, avocado, kiwi, grapes, parsley, soybean, strawberries.
  • Egg, meat, cheese, liver, beans.

Vitamin K benefits

Importance of vitamin K

  • It inhibits arterial calcification and stiffening.
  • It can slow the growth of the tumor.
  •  It is a part of treatments for coumarin poisoning.
  • It is used in monotherapy of osteoporosis.
  • It activates the production of blood clotting proteins.
  • Vitamin K related modification of the proteins allows them to bind calcium ions.


Deficiency syndrome of vitamin K

  •  Inflammatory bowel diseases.
  • Liver damage.
  • Coagulopathy.
  • Anaemia.
  • Bruising.
  • Bleeding from gums and/or none.
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Coronary heart disease.
  • Aortic calcification.
  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Crohn’s disease.
  •  Hemodialysis.

Toxicity of vitamin K

  •  Kidney failure.
  • Hypoglycemia in diabetic patients.Reduce bile secretion.
  • Reduce bile secretion.Possible interaction with phenytoin, warfarin
  • Possible interaction with phenytoin, warfarin