Runner’s Knee: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), also known as runner’s knee, is a condition characterized by knee pain ranging from severe to mild discomfort seemingly originating from the back of the kneecap(posterior surface of the patella ) with the femur.
It is common in people who engage in sports—particularly females and young adults—but patellofemoral pain syndrome can happen in nonathletes, as well. The pain and stiffness it can make it difficult to climb stairs, kneel down, and perform other daily activities.
Numerous things may contribute to the development of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Problems with the alignment of the kneecap and overuse from powerful athletics or training are often notable factors.
Symptoms are often alleviated with conventional treatment, such as changes in activity levels or a therapeutic exercise schedule.
Cause of Runner’s Knee
Overuse-Patellofemoral pain syndrome is induced by vigorous physical activities that put repeated stress on the knee —such as jogging, squatting and climbing stairs.
Additional factors that may give to patellofemoral pain include:
- Use of improper sports training techniques or equipment
- Variations in footwear or playing surface
- Patellar Malalignment
- Trauma to the kneecap(patella)
- Complete or partial dislocation of the kneecap(patella)
- Misalignment of the kneecap(patella)
- Flat feet
- Inadequate stretching before exercise
- Weak or tight thigh muscles
- A fractured in kneecap(patella)
Symptoms of Runner’s Knee
The most frequent symptom of patellofemoral pain syndrome is a dull, aching pain in the front of the knee. This pain habitually begins gradually and is frequent activity connected may be present in one or both knees.
Other general symptoms involve:
- Pain during exercise and activities that frequently bend the knee
- Pain in climbing stairs, running, jumping, or squatting.
- Pain following sitting for a lengthy period of time with knees in the bent position. eg.a movie theater or when riding on an airplane.
- Crackling sounds in the knee while climbing stairs or during standing up after prolonged sitting.
Treatment of Runner’s Knee
Treatment for patellofemoral pain syndrome is planned to relieve pain and reestablish range of motion and strength. In largest cases, patellofemoral pain can be managed nonsurgically.
In appreciation of activity changes, the RICE method, and anti-inflammatory medication, your physician may recommend :
Physical therapy exercises-Specific exercises instructions help you promote the range of motion, strength, and endurance. It is particularly important to focus on strengthening and stretching your quadriceps muscles, these muscles are the chief stabilizers of your kneecap. Core exercises may additionally be recommended to strengthen the muscles in your abdomen and lower back.
Orthotics- Shoe inserts can correct align and stabilize your foot and ankle, taking stress off of your lower leg muscles.
Surgical Treatment of Runner’s Knee
Surgical procedure for patellofemoral pain is really unusually needed and is executed only for severe cases that do not react to nonsurgical treatment. Surgical treatments may include:
Prevention of Runner’s Knee
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is usually fully relieved with physical therapy. It is required to maintain proper conditioning of the muscles around the knee, especially the quadriceps and the hamstrings.
Additional steps that prevent recurrence of patellofemoral knee pain.
- Wearing appropriate shoes
- Warming up thoroughly before physical activity
- Increasing training gradually
- Reducing any movement that has hurt knees in the past
- Keeping a healthy body weight to avoid overstressing your knees
- Use conventional running form. Lean forward and keep your knees bent.
- Avoid running on concrete. Try to run on a soft, smooth surface.