Hba1c: Glycated hemoglobin is frequently abbreviated HbA1c, is a form of hemoglobin that is measured essentially to identify the three-month average plasma glucose concentration. The blood test for the HbA1c level is routinely performed in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Some of the glucose in the blood binds to hemoglobin. This combination of glucose and hemoglobin is designated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). The volume of HbA1c formed is directly related to the average concentration of glucose in the bloodstream. Red blood cells exist for 2–3 months, and because of this, the amount of HbA1c in the blood reflects the average level of glucose in the blood throughout the last 2-3 months.
If diabetes is not well controlled, blood glucose levels will be high, generating higher HbA1c levels.
How sample collected for hba1c test ?
Your blood may be received from a vein in the arm, or in some circumstances, a drop of blood from a finger-prick may be accepted for hba1c test.
Medical guidelines have established the following criteria for a diabetes diagnosis of Hba1c Range:
- hba1c normal range – below 5.7 percent
- Prediabetes – 5.7 to 6.4 percent
- Diabetes – 6.5 percent or above
How to lower the Hba1c Range
You can lower your Hba1c Range by making small changes to your exercise regimen, diet, medication, and overall lifestyle.
Make a plan-
A plan will help you -like weight loss, exercise, coping with stress, or eating healthfully for keeping hba1c normal range.
Create a diabetes medical management plan-
If you have diabetes & higher hba1c Range, this should include emergency contacts, a medication list, target blood glucose levels, and how often to test. Keeping everyone on the same page is the best way to manage diabetes safely.
What you eat-
Tracking what you eat makes you aware of foods and this can also help you monitor your carbohydrate intake, which is important for managing blood sugar as well hba1c range. Take in fewer calories than you burn, eat less saturated fat.
You do not need to avoid eating “healthy” carbs to lower your A1C. It is beneficial to choose healthier, nutrient-dense carbs like fruits or sweet potatoes, but make sure to account for how much of them you are eating at one time. Most need about 45–60 grams of carbohydrates per main meals, and about 15–30 grams for each snack. If you enjoy watermelon, for example, account for about 11 grams of carbs per 1 cup diced.
Weight loss goal-
A healthy, whole food-based eating plan that is low in fat and calories, and that works with your lifestyle, will help you to make a change in life. Increase your activity level to get your A1C level down for good. Start with a 20-minute walk after lunch. Build up to 150 minutes of extra activity a week.