Flu (Influenza): The flu (Influenza) is a highly contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and lungs. It’s quite different from the common cold, which is less severe. If you get influenza, you require to rest at home and avoid infecting others. It’s not conventionally dangerous if you are healthy but cause serious problems if you’re not.
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Influenza is known also as flu is a contagious respiratory illness that will be induced by flu viruses. It will commence mild to severe illness, and that sometimes lead to death. Flu usually attacks suddenly. People with flu often feel some or all of these designations and symptoms like-
- Pyrexia (fever)
- A sore throat
- A cough
- Runny or stuffy nasal discerner
- Muscle or body aches
- Fatigue (tired)
Some people may have regurgitating and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.
Period of Contagiousness
You are able to pass on the flu to someone else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick. Most salubrious adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day afore symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Some people, especially young children and people with weakened immune systems, might infect others for an even longer time.
Onset of Symptoms:
The time when a person is exposed to the flu virus to when symptoms commence (begin) is about 1 to 4 days, with an average of 2 days.
Treatment of Flu
Most of the individuals recover from the flu within one or two weeks after the flu attack, but children and elderly may feel weak for a long time after the symptoms go away. People like young children, adults over 65 years of age, pregnant women, and people who have asthma, diabetes, and heart disease, they are a high risk of flu complications. If you have influenza, you are liable to get better within a week by-
- Resting in bed
- Taking mild pain medication (paracetamol/acetaminophen) to relieve pain
- Drinking plenty of liquids
- Eating light foods, when hungry.
In some people with flu can be severe and lead to severe complications like pneumonia. Antiviral drugs will reduce symptoms and shorten symptoms of the time and will prevent serious flu complications, like pneumonia.
- Practice Good Health Habits like washing your hands is first preventing a measure from avoiding flu. The common way to catch flu by touch your own eyes, nose or mouth with your germy hands.
- Keep distance after you are sick or if you’re around some other person who is sick. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your elbow once coughing or sneeze, however never use your hand. It should prevent other people from getting sick.
- Wear warm clothes in winter and keep warm your hands and feet & ears.
- The best way to prevent by getting a flu vaccine each year.