The phalanges are the terminal bones of the hand. There are fourteen phalanges in the hand, the thumb, which only has two; a proximal and a distal phalanx, with each finger having three; a proximal, middle and distal phalanx.
The phalanges are classed as long bones.
Proximal Phalanges-There are five proximal phalanges which correspond to each of the five fingers of the metacarpal bones.
Middle Phalanges-There are four middle phalanges which correspond to the index finger, the middle finger, the ring finger and the little finger of the proximal phalanges.
Distal Phalanges-There are five distal phalanges which correspond to each of the middle phalanges except thumb in proximal phalanges.