Autism Spectrum Disorder is a group of complex disorders of brain development that indicates varying degrees of difficulties in social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Autism appears to be common in between 2 and 3 years of age. It is early intervention in behavioral problems.
How Common Autism Spectrum Disorder
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in U.S.A identify around 1 in 68 American children as on the autism spectrum–a ten-fold increase in prevalence in 40 years. Conscientious(Careful) research shows that this incrementation is only partly explained by amended diagnosis and vigilance (awareness). Studies show that autism is four to five times more among boys than girls. An estimation 1 in 189 girls and 1 out of 42 boys are diagnosed with autism in the United States.
Moreover 3 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions of whole worlds. Moreover, recent autism statistics suggest that prevalence rates have incremented 10 to 17 percent annually in recent years. There is no established explication for this perpetuating increase, environmental influence, and improved diagnosis is two reasons often considered.
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How Autism Spectrum Disorder Is Diagnosed?
Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be difficult, because there is no medical test, like the blood test, to diagnose the disorders. Medicos visually examine the child’s behavior and development to make a diagnosis.
Sometimes ASD is detected at 18 months or younger. At the age of 2, a diagnosis by professional and experienced can be considered very reliable. But many children do not receive a final diagnosis until more younger. This delay denotes that children with an ASD might not get the avail they require.
Diagnosing Of ASD Takes Two Steps
- Developmental Screening
- Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation
Developmental Screening of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Developmental screening a short test to tell if the children are learning fundamental skills when they should, or if they might have delays. During the developmental screening, the medico might ask the parent some questions or verbalize and play with the child during an exam to visually perceive how she learns, verbalizes, deports, and moves. A delay in any of these areas could be a designation of a quandary.
All children should be screened for developmental delays and disabilities during customary well-child medico visits at:
- 9 months
- 18 months
- 24 or 30 months
Supplemental screening might be needed if a child is at high risk for developmental quandaries due to preterm birth, low birth weight or other reasons.
In additament, all children should be screened concretely for ASD during customary well-child medico visits at:
- 18 months
- 24 months
Supplemental screening might be needed if a child is at high risk for ASD (e.g., having a sister, brother or other family members with an ASD) or if departments sometimes associated with ASD are present
It is paramount for medicos to screen all children for developmental delays, but especially monitor those who are at a higher risk for developmental quandaries due to preterm birth, low birth weight, or having a brother or sister with an ASD.
If your child’s medico does not routinely check your child with this type of developmental screening test, ask that it be done.
If the medico visually perceives any designations of a quandary, a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation is needed.
Comprehensive Diagnostic Evaluation of Autism Spectrum Disorder
The next step of diagnosis is a comprehensive evaluation. This exhaustive review may include monitoring of the child’s behavior and development and interviewing the parents. It also includes a hearing and vision screening, neurological testing, genetic testing, and other medical testing.
In some cases, the primary care medico might refer to the child and family to a specialist for further assessment and diagnosis. Specialists can do this evaluation include:
Developmental Pediatrics who have special training in child development and children with special needs.
- Child Neurologists, who work on the encephalon (brain), spine, and nerves.
- Child Psychiatrists or Psychologists who know about the human mind.
What Causes Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism is mostly a nongenetic disorder, a number of environment or stress factor is responsible for autistic behaviors.
- Oxygen deprivation in the brain during birth or pregnancy may lead to autism.
- In combination with genetic risk factors, autism seems to be the modestly increased rate.
- Autism can be associated with folic acid deficiency during conception.
Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder
There are several manifestations that might indicate an individual has an autism spectrum disorder. Not all adults or youngsters with autism can have each symptom, and a few adults and kids while not autism might show a number of the same behaviors and symptoms.
People with autism spectrum disorder usually have difficulties with communication, and connecting showing emotion and socially with others. They will additionally process sensory information, like sounds and smells, differently from others. These variations will underlie a number of the behavioral signs of autism that individuals might display.
- Learning disability
- Tourette’s syndrome or other tic disorder.
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- Delayed speech development
- Frequent repetition of set word/phrases.
- Speech that sounds monotonous
- Not responding to their name being called.
- Rejecting cuddles initiated by pure or caregiver.
- Preferring to communicate using a single word
- Not being tolerant about people entering their personal space
- Preferring to play alone
- Avoiding eye contact and gestures and facial expression
- Repetitive movements, like clapping toys
- Sleep disorders.
Types Of Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Autistic disorder (classic autism)
- Asperger syndrome
- Pervasive development disorder (Atypical autism).
Autism Spectrum Disorder Treatment
1. Behavioral training and management
2. Special therapy
- Speech therapy
- Occupational therapy
- Physical therapy.
4. Community support
5. Parent training
6. Psychological support.